Sleep specialists classify insomnia in two primary categories: acute and chronic. Short term or acute insomnia, which is often due to a temporary situation such as stress, jet lag, change or loss in a job or relationships, can last up to one month and is treatable. It is important to address the underlying cause. Effective and safe prescription medications can help.
Long-term, or chronic, insomnia, which is experienced for a month or longer, can be secondary to causes such as medical, physical or psychological conditions, another sleep disorder, or medications and substances. It is essential to get a medical diagnosis . In addition to appropriate use of medications, education on behavioral and other techniques as well as good sleep practices can improve sleep.
Fortunately, there are treatment options available, ranging from behavioral therapy to the use of prescription medicines, or a combination of the two.
Behavioral therapy is offered typically by a psychologist.